Ultra High Definition

What does Ultra High Definition (UHD) mean?

Ultra high definition (UHD or 4K/8K) is a display resolution standard of at least 3840 by 2160 pixels (8.3 megapixels; 4K), which is double that of Full HD’s 1920 by 1080 (2 megapixels). 3840 by 2160 is only the floor value, and resolutions being put on various screens range from this size up to 4096 by 3112 for 4K and up to 7680 by 4320 (33.2 megapixels) for 8K. The Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) clarified in October of 2012 that UHD would refer to any display with a 16:9 aspect ratio and a minimum of 3840-by-2160 pixel resolution.

Ultra high definition is an umbrella term used for display in television and portable electronics such as smart phones and tablets, most commonly referred to as 4K resolution and, subsequently, 8K resolution. This was pioneered and proposed by NHK Science and Technology Research Laboratories and approved and then defined by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU).

UHD results in a very crisp and fine image owing to the high pixel count and allows for manufacturers to make bigger TVs without compromising on image quality. Of course, this also requires that the content be in the same resolution for the quality to be retained. But despite its size, UHD, which is commonly used for television as UHDTV with an aspect ratio of 16:9 or 1.78:1, is still lower than the movie projection industry standard of 4096 by 2160 at 19:10 or 1.9:1 aspect ratio. This means that most movie contents released for UHDTVs are still in a letterbox format.

Continue reading

Advertisements

SCSI-3

What does SCSI-3 mean?

Small Computer System Interface 3 (SCSI-3) is an ongoing standardization effort for extending the features of SCSI-2. The key goals of SCSI-3 include the following:

  • Additional devices on a bus (as many as 32)
  • Increased distances between devices (longer cables)
  • Speedy data transfer
  • More command sets and device classes
  • Structured protocol model
  • Structured documentation

The SCSI-3 standard is a collection of other standards. These standards are arranged into a framework based on the SCSI-3 architecture documents. Used in several high-end systems, SCSI-3 often utilizes a MicroD 68-pin connector having thumbscrews. It is also referred to as Mini 68.

The most widely used bus width for SCSI-3 is 16 bits, with a transfer rate of 20 MBps.

Continue reading

USB Token

Definition – What does USB Token mean?

A USB token is a physical device that is used to establish personal identity without usage of a password to access a network.

A USB token is used to prove the user’s identity electronically.The digital security is more enhanced when using a USB token. It provides secure and strong authentication in a network access.

Continue reading